Home
Background
Search the database
Contact Us
Login

 



National Environmental Management Act (NEMBA) regulations on Threatened and Protected Species

The National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (No. 10 of 2004), (NEMBA) was signed into law in mid-2004 and entered into effect on 1 September, 2004. The Act provides for the consolidation of biodiversity legislation through establishing national norms and standards for the management of biodiversity across all sectors and by different management authorities. To download a copy of the Act click on the link below: 

National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (No. 10 of 2004), (NEMBA)

Chapter 4, Part 2 of the Biodiversity Act provides for listing of species as threatened or protected. If a species is listed as threatened, it must be further classified as critically endangered, endangered or vulnerable. The Act defines these classes as follows:
  • Critically endangered species: any indigenous species facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the immediate future.
  • Endangered species: any indigenous species facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the near future, although it is not a critically endangered species.
  • Vulnerable species: any indigenous species facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future; although it is not a critically endangered species or an endangered species.
  • Protected species: any species which is of such high conservation value or national importance that it requires national protection”. Species listed in this category will include, among others, species listed in terms of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
Certain activities, known as  Restricted Activities, are regulated on listed species using permits by a special set of regulations published under the Act. Restricted activities regulated under the act are keeping, moving, having in possession, importing and exporting, and selling. The first list of threatened and protected species published under NEMBA was published in the government gazette on the 23rd of February 2007 along with the Regulations on Threatened or Protected Species. These regulations and the list of species come into operation as of 1 February 2008. To download a copy of the regulations or list of species click on the links below:

Regulations
Amendments to legulations
List of species

How the lists are drawn up

The initial process of listing species was led by the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT). No specific criteria were developed for the listing of species and the lists were based on expert opinion. Ad hoc expert groups, which assisted in the compilation of species lists, were constituted from the roster of experts on the stakeholder database developed by DEAT. The ad hoc expert groups drafted lists on:

  1. Mammals;
  2. Birds;
  3. Plants;
  4. Reptiles and Amphibians;
  5. Fishes; and
  6. Invertebrates.
More information relating to the species listing process can be sourced from the Species Listing Newsletters below:
It is a provision of the Act that this list must be reviewed by the Minister at least every five years.










Copyright © 2008 Endangered Wildlife Trust and South African National Biodiversity Institute. All Rights Reserved. | This Site is Best Viewed in 1024x768 Screen Resolution

Taxondb Framework is Copyright © 2007, Endangered Wildlife Trust. All rights reserved.